As Paul tells it ...
Closing Months (5)

Home Search Bibliography About the Author

“Time

Line”

A timeline without dates may seem like an oxymoron. Nevertheless, the reader is reminded that what is offered here is a relative or sequential chronology, not an absolute chronology. Click on Chronology Without Dates?

 

Before First

...
...
Jerusalem Visit
•  Resurrection appearance
•  Visit to Arabia
•  Return to Damascus 
...
...
...
•  Jerusalem Visit (1)
  (3 years after return to Damascus)
   = (for acquaintance with Peter; also meets James)

 

...
...
...
...
...
...

From First Jerusalem Visit to
(Fourteen

Founding

 

...
...
...
...
...
...
Second Jerusalem Visit
Years)

Visits

 

•  Syria and Cilicia
•  Illness   
•  Founding of congregations in Galatia.
•  Founding of church at Philippi
•  Founding of church at Thessalonica
   » Aid from Philippi
•  Visits Athens
   » Timothy sent to Thessalonica
•  Founding of church at Corinth
   » Aid from Macedonia
   » Return of Timothy from Thessalonica
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
   

   
   » Travel plan: to visit Thessalonica [delayed]; instead:

...
...
...
...
...
1 THESSALONIANS written
  Noteworthy theme: an early stage of Paul’s end-of-time teaching
•  Jerusalem Visit (2)
  (after 14 years)
  
= (for the Jerusalem Conference)
   » Approval of gentile mission without requirements of the law
   » Division of responsibility: the dual mission, approved
   » Collection agreed to 
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
 

From Jerusalem Visit (2)
(Three or

     

...
...
...
...
...
...
 

to Jerusalem Visit (3)
Four Years)

     

•  Antioch: Defends interdining
•  “Latter” visit to Galatia [?]
   » Begins collection
•  Founding visit, Ephesus 
   » Ephesus, as Headquarters during much of this period
...
...
...
...
...
...
     

   » Titus sent to Corinth (first visit), to begin collection   

...
...
...
...
   »  LETTER P, the Previous Letter, to Corinth
     The problem of immoral people
     Time for the collection!
   » Information from Corinth (divisions, questions, etc.)
   » Paul, fighting with beasts
...
...
...
   

   

 

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
   » The LETTER L, the “Laundry List of Problems” Letter to Corinth (= 1 Corinthians)
   Noteworthy themes: .. The paradox of the cross .. The church as organism .. the agapê principle .. Christology .. resurrection
      Travel plans: Ephesus/ Macedonia/ Corinth; Paul plans to winter in Corinth  ...
...
...
•  Crisis in Galatia
     Lapse of the collection in Galatia  
     

     
     [No travel plans, for Galatia!]
     

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
     

   » GALATIANS
   Noteworthy themes: Justification by faith .. Christology .. the principle
     

•  Imprisonment [in Ephesus]
   » Epaphroditus arrives from Philippi

      Travel plans: to send Timothy to Philippi; to visit Philippi himself

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
    

   » PHILIPPIANS
    Noteworthy themes:
end-of-time views .. justification by faith .. Christology

   » Onesimus appears   
     

      Travel plans: to visit Philemon

...
...
...
...
     
   » PHILEMON
Pleads the case of Onesimus, an escaped slave  
•  Release from prison
     
...
...
•  Crisis in Corinth: Super-apostles arrive
     Lapse of work on collection in Corinth
      Revised travel plans #1: Ephesus/ Corinth/ Macedonia/ Corinth
•  Intermediate visit to Corinth   
   » Offence against Paul, his humiliation
•  Return to Ephesus   
      Revised travel plans #2: Ephesus/ Macedonia/ Corinth
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
•  Back in Ephesus
   » LETTER H is sent in care of Titus (his second visit)
     Titus will meet Paul in Troas, upon his return from Corinth
...
...
...
...
...
...
Paul writes LETTER H, the Harsh Letter to Corinth (= 2 Corinthians 10–13) 
    Paul’s mystical experience .. grace sufficient .. personal reflections
•  Paul’s escape from death in Asia
•  Departure for Troas [possibly, via Colossae, to visit Philemon]
   » Successful work in Troas, but Paul becomes impatient when Titus does not appear.
•  Departure for Macedonia, to meet Titus
•  In Macedonia:
   » “fighting without and fear within”
   » Arrival of Titus with welcome news of reconciliation in Corinth
   » Work on collection in Macedonia
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
The R-LETTER to Corinth, the Letter of Reconciliation 
   (= 2 Corinthians 1–9)
     Noteworthy themes: Christology and atonement .. end-of-time thinking revised .. spirituality
   » The R-LETTER is carried by Titus (third visit), who is also to resume the collection project in Corinth, in the company of two brothers ...
...
...
...
...
   » [If 2 Corinthians 9 is a separate letter from 2 Corinthians 1-8,] the F-LETTER, the “Follow-up” Letter, to Corinth (= 2 Corinthians 9) ...
...
...
...
   » Completion of collection in Macedonia
   » Departure for Corinth
...
...
...
•  Third visit to Corinth    
   » Completion of collection in Corinth
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
   » Composition of ROMANS.
     Noteworthy themes: the righteousness of God .. reason in theology .. human sin .. salvation language .. Christology .. the Holy Spirit .. Israel, past and future .. moral issues
     Travel plans:
       To Jerusalem, to deliver the collection
       To Rome
       To Spain
...
...
...
...
...
•  Jerusalem Visit (3)
   (3-4 years since Visit 2 [estimated])
   = (to deliver collection)
...
...
...
...
To continue in  Author’s Workshop, click on The Pauline Legacy.

     

Revised March 16, 2003

Previous Home

 

Copyright © 2000-2005 by J. Peter Bercovitz. All rights reserved.
New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
Articles (as noted) used by permission of
Proceedings: Eastern Great Lakes and Midwest Biblical Societies. Materials on this site may be downloaded for personal study and research, but quotations of this material should be appropriately acknowledged.

Send mail about this site to webmaster@paulonpaul.org.