As Paul tells it ...

Jesus Traditions

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Material in red = Mark .. in blue =   Q   .. in green = Special Matthew .. in fuchsia = Special Luke

 

Contents of Jesus Traditions

     

“The Twelve

 

  * Surnamed Sons of Thunder (Boanerges) by Jesus
  † Using the order in Mark
  ‡ Is Matthew perhaps another name for Levi, the son of Alphaeus? or was there more than one (former) tax collectors among the disciples? See the chart, following.     

 

Mark 3:16-19

Matthew 10:2-4

Luke 6:14-16

Acts 1:13

Fourth Gospel †

Simon (Peter)
   
Simon (Peter)
   
Simon (Peter)
   
Peter
   
Simon Peter (Cephas)
*James, son of Zebedee James, son of Zebedee James
   
James
   
A son of Zebedee   
*John, brother of James John, brother of James John
   
John †
   
A son of Zebedee   
Andrew

   

Andrew, Simon’s brother † Andrew, Simon’s brother † Andrew

   

Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother
Philip Philip Philip Philip Philip †
Bartholomew Bartholomew Bartholomew  Bartholomew  
Matthew ‡
   
Matthew, the tax collector †‡ Matthew ‡
   
Matthew
 
Levi, son of Alphaeus (2:14)   Levi (5:27)
   
Thomas Thomas Thomas Thomas † Thomas the Twin, one of the twelve
James, son of Alphaeus James, son of Alphaeus James, son of Alphaeus James, son of Alphaeus  
Thaddaeus Thaddaeus      
Simon the Cananaean Simon the Cananaean Simon, 
the Zealot †
Simon, 
the Zealot †
 
    Judas, son of James Judas, son of James Judas, not Iscariot   
Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus    Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus    Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor      Judas Iscariot (also, Judas, son of Simon Iscariot)   
        Nathanael 
        The disciple whom Jesus loved (one of the above?)
  * Surnamed Sons of Thunder (Boanerges) by Jesus
  † Using the order in Mark
  ‡ Is Matthew perhaps another name for Levi, the son of Alphaeus? or was there more than one (former) tax collectors among the disciples? See the chart, following.     
    

Matthew 9:9

Mark 2:14

Luke 5:27-28


As Jesus was walking along, he saw a man called
Matthew sitting at the tax booth; and he said to him, “Follow me.” And he got up and 
followed him.

As he was walking along, he saw Levi son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, “Follow me.” And he got up and 
followed him.
27After this he went out and 

saw a tax collector named Levi, sitting at the tax booth; and he said to him, “Follow me.” 28And he got up, left everything, and followed him.

The author of the Gospel of Matthew apparently “tidies things up” by changing Levi to Matthew, thereby bringing Matthew 9:9 into harmony with the list in Matthew 10:2-4, and keeping the number of disciples at twelve!

 

A Note on “disciples” in the Fourth Gospel

Listing

Andrew 1:35-42; 6:8-9; 12:22 

Simon Peter  1:40-42; (6:8); 13:2, 6-10, 36-38; 18:10-11, 15-18, 25-27; 20:2-10; 21:2-3, 7, 11, 15-19, 20-22

(James and John,) the sons of Zebedee  21:2-3

Philip 1:43-48; 6:5-7; 12:21-22; 14:8-9  

Nathanael  1:45-51; 21:2-3

Thomas, the Twin  11:16 [Let us also go...]  11:54; 12:4-6, 16; 14:5; 20:24-29; 21:2-3

Judas (not Iscariot) 14:22

Judas son of Simon Iscariot  6:70-71; 13:2, 11, 18-19, 21-30; 18:2-3, 5

Disciples:  2:1, 11, 12, 22; 3:22; 4:2, 8, 27, 31-34; 6:3, 12-13, 16-24, 60-66 [many disciples]; 7:3;  11:7-8; ch. 13; 16:29; (17:6-19); 18:1, 19; 20:19-26; 21:1-14

Disciple whom Jesus loved  13:23-25; 19:26-27; 20:2-10; 21:7, 20-24

Another disciple  18:15

Some of his disciples   16:17-19

Two others of his disciples  21:1-3

Twelve: 6:67-71

Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews  19:38-41

 

 

Contents of Jesus Traditions

 

Revised April 28, 2004

     

 

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